Mar 25, 2014

Preventing 302 redirect for ASP.NET WebApi 2 on 401 response

If you are adding asp.net WebApi inside asp.net MVC web site you probably want to respond unauthorized to some requests. But then ASP.NET infrastructure come into play and when you try to set response status code to HttpStatusCode.Unauthorized you will get 302 redirect to login page.

If you are using asp.net identity and owin based authentication here a code that can help to solve that issue:

public void ConfigureAuth(IAppBuilder app)
{
    app.UseCookieAuthentication(new CookieAuthenticationOptions
    {
        AuthenticationType = DefaultAuthenticationTypes.ApplicationCookie,
        LoginPath = new PathString("/Account/Login"),
        Provider = new CookieAuthenticationProvider()
        {
            OnApplyRedirect = ctx =>
            {
                if (!IsApiRequest(ctx.Request))
                {
                    ctx.Response.Redirect(ctx.RedirectUri);
                }
            }
        }
    });
    
    app.UseExternalSignInCookie(DefaultAuthenticationTypes.ExternalCookie);
}


private static bool IsApiRequest(IOwinRequest request)
{
    string apiPath = VirtualPathUtility.ToAbsolute("~/api/");
    return request.Uri.LocalPath.StartsWith(apiPath);
}

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